The Women Entrepreneurs Failure Factors in the Case of Gojjam Zones

Document Type : Original Article


1 College of Business and Economics, Department of Accounting and Finance, Debre Markos University, Debre Markos, Ethiopia

2 amhara region debre markos university


Abstract: This study was designed to assess the Women Entrepreneurs Failure Factors in the Case of Gojjam Zones. In particular the study investigated how Individual reason, Competition, General environment and corporate policy affect women entrepreneurs in small businesses. Therefore to understand and analyze business failure factors a case of Women Entrepreneurs in the case of Gojjam Zones, the researchers have adopted a quantitative research approach. The researcher collects data through questioner. Information from the participants was analyzed by using statistical package for social sciences. For this study the target populations are business companies operating in Gojjam Zones for the last five years (from 2006-2010 as of Ethiopian Calendar). Do you to data unavailability we failed to know exactly the number of women owned/managed business in the two zones/West Gojjam & East Gojjam/, the Sample Size of this study is determined using Infinite Population (where the population is greater than 50,000) sample size determination formula of Godden, (2004). Based on the formula A sample of 384 women entrepreneurs was chosen for the study. Both tables and frequency distributions were utilized to draw valid conclusions. From the study that individual characteristics/Motivations, managerial skills, knowledge & experience, and fear of failure/ of a woman were statistically significant at 5% level of significance.


Bekele, Eshetu and Worku, Zeleke (2008). Women Entrepreneurship in Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises: The Case of Ethiopia. Journal of International Women's Studies, 10(2), 3-19.
2) Kebede, B. (2002). Land tenure and common pool resources in rural Ethiopia: a study based on fifteen sites. Journal of African Development Review, 14(1), 4-9.
3) Ethiopian Economic Association. (2004). Industrialization and Industrial Policy in Ethiopia: Report on Ethiopian Economy, Volume III. Addis Ababa: Ethiopian Economic Association.
4) Hisrich, R.D. (2005). Entrepreneurship. 7th Edition, Boston: McGraw Hill.
5) Schumpeter, J (2005). The theory of economic development. Cambridge Mass.: Harvard University Press.
6) Eshetu, B. and Zeleke, W. (2008).Women entrepreneurship in micro, small and medium enterprises: The case of Ethiopia. Journal of international women’sstudies.Vol.10#2Nov (pp.3-5)
7) Hisrich, R.D. (2005), Entrepreneurship.7th Edition, Boston: McGraw Hill. Retrieved on 15–5
8) Samiti, V. (2006).A research study on Entrepreneurial Challenges for SC Persons inIndia. New Delhi: Planning Commission Government of India YojanaBhawan.
9) Desta Solomon (2010), Desk Review of studies conducted on women Entrepreneurs in Ethiopia.
10) GemechisTefera. (2007).Attitude Of College Students Towards Entrepreneurship:ACase Study of Addis Ababa University and Rift Valley University College. AddisAbaba, Ethiopia. Unpublished Thesis
11) UNIDO.(2001). Women Entrepreneurship Development in Selected African Countries.Working Paper No.7.Legos
12) UNECE. (2004). “Women’s Self Employment and Entrepreneurship in the ECE region”,background paper prepared by the secretariat for the RegionalSymposium onMainstreaming Gender into Economic Policies, Geneva, and 28-30 January 2004
13) OECD (1997), Entrepreneurship and SMEs in Transitional Economies, the VisegradConference, OECD Proceedings, Paris.OECD (2002).The Keys for Successful Women Entrepreneurs. The OECD BolognaProcess, December 2002.
14) Hadiya Mohammed. (1998). Sharing Experiences: Success Stories of WomenEntrepreneurs.Addis Ababa. Unpublished.
15) ILO.(2008).Women Entrepreneurs in Kenya.Factors affecting Women Entrepreneurs inMicro and Small Enterprises in Kenya. Geneva. International labor Organization.
16) Morris, M.H., Miyasaki, N.N., Watters, C.E. and Coombes, S.M. (2006), “The Dilemma of growth, Understanding Venture Size choices of women entrepreneurs”, Journal of Small Business Management, 44(2), pp. 221-244
17) Yordanova, D.I. (2011), “The effects of Gender on Entrepreneurship in Bulgaria: An Empirical Study”, International Journal of Management, Vol. 28 No1, Part 2.